Educational Acronyms


    Educational Acronyms - Revised 11-1-2020


    504 Plan. A 504 plan is a blueprint for how the school will provide support and remove barriers for a student with a disability. Its purpose is to give equal access to the general education curriculum. Not all students need special education or individualized instruction, however, they may need support or services at school. The plan provides services and changes to the learning environment to enable students to learn alongside their peers.


    Assessing Comprehension and Communication in English State to State for English Language Learners test. Tests all four language domains: listening, speaking, reading and writing. The test covers English language proficiency standards in the following areas: Social and Instructional, Language Arts, Mathematics, Science and Social Studies. Measuring student progress helps guide how teachers instruct individual students and helps a district gauge how effective its ELL programs are. ACCESS scores play a role in determining when a student can exit an ELL program.


    Accountability and Curriculum Revision Effort.  Describes all of the work performed by the NCDPI to implement the recommendations contained in the State Board of Education’s “Framework for Change: The Next Generation of Assessments and Accountability” document. This document describes a new vision of the North Carolina Standard Course of Study, student testing, and district and school accountability.


    American College Test.  An assessment taken by high school students as a precursor to college/university admission. It measures students' general educational development and their capability to complete college-level work with the multiple choice tests covering four skill areas: English, mathematics, reading, and science. The optional Writing Test measures skill in planning and writing a short essay.  


    Americans with Disabilities Act.  A civil rights law that became active in 1990 and prohibits discrimination against individuals with disabilities in all areas of public life, including jobs, schools, transportation, and all public and private places that are open to the general public.


    Attention Deficit Disorder/Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. This is a brain disorder marked by an ongoing pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity that interferes with functioning or development. 


    Average Daily Membership.  The number of days a student is in membership at a school divided by the number of days in a school month or school year.


    Annual Measurable Objectives.  Proficiency targets set by the student subgroup at the state level with the goal to reduce by half the percentage of students considered non-proficient in reading and mathematics within six years.


    Advanced Placement.  A program that enables high school students to complete college-level courses for college placement and/or credit.


    Adaptive Physical Education. Specially designed physical education program, using accommodations designed to fit the needs of students who require developmental or corrective instruction in PE.  


    Autism Spectrum Disorder.  A complex neurobehavioral condition that includes impairments in social interaction and developmental language and communication skills combined with rigid, repetitive behaviors.  


    Behavior Intervention Plan.   A written plan used to address problem behavior that includes positive behavioral interventions, strategies, and support.  May include program modifications and supplementary aids and services.  


    Board of Education.  A body of officials elected or appointed to oversee a local or statewide school system or systems.    


    Beginning Teacher.   An educator who has been teaching less than a total of three complete school years. 


    Bring Your Own Technology.  A policy that allows employees or students to use their own personal electronic devices at work or school, rather than being required to use an officially provided device.


    Comprehensive and Continuous Improvement Plan.  The Comprehensive, Continuous Improvement Plan (CCIP) is a web-based planning and grants management tool, and connects district goals for improvement to budgeted activities. CCIP is used by local education agencies (LEAs), charter schools and non-LEAs to apply for federal and state funds.


    Career & College Promise.  North Carolina’s dual enrollment program for high school students. This program allows eligible NC high school students to enroll in college classes at North Carolina community colleges and universities through their high school. Students who successfully complete college courses earn college credit they can take with them after graduation. In many cases, students can also earn dual credit - meeting high school graduation requirements with college courses.


    Common Education Data Analysis & Reporting System.  North Carolina’s PreK-13 State Longitudinal Data System that enables state, local and federal policymakers and service providers to make data-driven decisions based on analysis of trends and relationships between various educational factors and student performance.


    Community Eligibility Provision. This is a non-pricing meal service option for schools and school districts in low-income areas. CEP allows the nation’s highest poverty schools and districts to serve breakfast and lunch at no cost to all enrolled students without collecting household applications.


    CHARGE Syndrome.  A rare syndrome caused by a genetic disorder. First described in 1979, the acronym CHARGE came into use for newborn children with congenital features of coloboma of the eye, heart defects, atresia of the nasal choanae, retardation of growth and/or development, genital and/or urinary abnormalities, and ear abnormalities and deafness. These features are no longer used in making a diagnosis of CHARGE syndrome, but the name remains. 


    The Children's Internet Protection Act (CIPA). Schools and libraries subject to CIPA may not receive the discounts offered by the E-rate program unless they certify that they have an Internet safety policy that includes technology protection measures. The protection measures must block or filter Internet access to pictures that are: (a) obscene; (b) child pornography; or (c) harmful to minors (for computers that are accessed by minors). 


    Comprehensive Needs Assessment.  The first step in developing School Improvement Plans.  This self-assessment is conducted with school Leadership teams to assist in selecting focus indicators in Indistar.  


    Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act. The Rule was enacted in 2000 and requires Web site operators to obtain parental consent before collecting, using, or disclosing personal information from children under 13.


    Cerebral Palsy.  A neurological disorder caused by a non-progressive brain injury or malformation that occurs while the child's brain is under development. Cerebral Palsy primarily affects body movement and muscle coordination.


    Comprehensive Support and Improvement.  Schools that are the lowest performing five percent of all schools receiving Title I, Part A funds (served) in the state. Schools were first identified as CSI school in 2018-2019 based on 2017-2018 School Performance Grades.  Schools are identified for three academic years (19-20, 20-21, 21-22).  The next group of CSI schools will be identified based on 20-21 data for the 21-22 school year.  


    Career and Technical Education.  Provides high school students the opportunity to take courses in eight program areas so that they can explore interests and careers while building and strengthening their career-specific knowledge and skills.  The eight education program areas are: Agricultural; Business; Finance and Information Technology; Career Development; Family and Consumer Sciences; Health Science; Marketing and Entrepreneurship; Technology Engineering and Design; and Trade and Industrial.


    Deaf-Blindness.  Hearing and visual impairments that occur together, the combination of which causes such severe communication and other developmental and educational needs that they cannot be accommodated in special programs solely for children with deafness or children with blindness.  


    Division of Child Development and Early Education.  Implements standards for child care and increases access to quality care for children.


    Developmentally delayed.  When a child is aged three through seven, whose developmental and/or behavior is delayed or atypical, as measured by appropriate diagnostic instruments and procedures, in one or more of the following areas: physical development, cognitive development, communication development, social or emotional development, or adaptive development, and who, by reason of the delay needs special education and related services.  


    Department of Health and Human Services.  Manages the delivery of health and human-related services, especially for the most vulnerable citizens - children, elderly, disabled and low-income families.


    Employee Assistance Program.  A voluntary, confidential program that helps employees (including management) work through various life challenges that may adversely affect job performance, health, and personal well-being to optimize an organization's success.


    Every Child Accountability and Tracking System.  System comprised of three integrated modules accessed from a single user interface based upon role security: Special Education, Service Documentation, and Multi-Tiered Systems of Support (MTSS) modules.


    Educational Directory & Demographical Information Exchange.  The authoritative source for North Carolina public school information including LEA numbers, school numbers, administrative contacts, school types, grade levels, calendar types, program types and addresses. Information contained in EDDIE is populated by local districts and feeds multiple NCDPI systems including Accountability, PowerSchool, and NC School Report Cards, and is used to meet federal reporting requirements. EDDIE replaced the School Name and Address (SNA) file in April 2010.


    English Language Arts.  Part of the Common core curriculum in the NC Standard Course of Study, ELA refers to reading, literature, writing and speaking and listening.


    English Language Learner.  A student whose first language is one other than English and who needs language assistance to participate fully in the regular curriculum.


    End-of-Course.  Tests designed to access the competencies defined by the Standard Course of Study for three mandated courses: Math I, English II and Biology.  Tests are taken during the last two weeks of school for students on a traditional calendar and the last week of the course for students on a block schedule.


    End-of-Grade.  Tests in Reading and Mathematics (grades 3-8) and Science (grades 5 and 8) taken by students during the last three weeks of the school year.


    Educator Preparation Programs. Programs that prepare educators at institutions of higher learning.  NCDPI provides technical assistance in the development of EPPs and oversees the renewal process of existing educator preparation programs at the license/program-level required by the State Board of Education.  


    Education Rate. (E-Rate)The program provides discounts to assist schools and libraries in the United States to obtain affordable telecommunications and Internet access.


    Elementary and Secondary Education Act.  The principal federal law affecting K-12 education.  When the ESEA of 1965 was reauthorized and amended in 2002, it was renamed the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act in 2009. The program was again referenced as the Elementary and Secondary Education Act.


    Electronically Stored Information. Electronically stored information (ESI), for the purpose of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure (FRCP) is information created, manipulated, communicated, stored, and best utilized in digital form, requiring the use of computer hardware and software.


    English as a Second Language.  A program model that delivers specialized instruction to students who are learning English as a new language.


    Education Value Added Assessment System.  SAS® EVAAS™ for K-12 is a customized software system available to all NC school districts that provides diagnostic reports quickly to district and school staff.  EVAAS tools provide a precise measurement of student progress over time and a reliable diagnosis of opportunities for growth that help to identify which students are at risk for underachievement.  By viewing easy-to-understand charts and graphs accessed via the Web, users can produce reports that predict student success, show the effects of instruction at particular schools, or reveal patterns in subgroup performance.


    Facilitated Assessment of MTSS (Multi-Tiered Systems of Support) School Level.  Measures school-level implementation of MTSS.  The purpose of administration is to assist school-level and district-level prioritize implementation steps.  The FAM-S focuses on the six components: Leadership, Building Capacity/Infrastructure, Communication and Collaboration, Data-based Problem Solving, Three-Tiered Instructional/Intervention Model, and Data-Evaluation. 


    Free Appropriate Public Education. An education is the right of all children in the United States that is guaranteed by the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. Under Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act, FAPE is defined as, “...the provision of regular or special education and related aids and services that are designed to meet individual needs of handicapped persons as adequately as the needs of nonhandicapped persons are met and are based on adherence to procedures that satisfy the requirements of the section.” Under the IDEA, FAPE is defined as an educational program that is individualized to a specific child, that meets that child's unique needs, provides access to the general curriculum, meets the grade-level standards established by the state, and from which the child receives educational benefit. The United States Department of Education issues regulations that define and govern the provision of FAPE.


    Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act.  A Federal law that protects the privacy of student education records. The law applies to all schools that receive funds under an applicable program of the U.S. Department of Education.  FERPA gives parents certain rights with respect to their children's education records. These rights transfer to the student when he or she reaches the age of 18 or attends a school beyond the high school level. Students to whom the rights have transferred are "eligible students."


    Free and Reduced Priced Lunch.  Children qualify, based upon parent or guardian financial status, to receive either free or reduced priced lunch through a federal government program.


    Hearing Impairment.  An impairment in hearing, whether permanent or fluctuating that adversely affects a child’s educational performance but that is not included under the definition of deafness. 


    Historically Underutilized Business. Historically Underutilized Business (HUB) is a company level diversity certification that is generally issued by a State Government to increase the amount of goods and services acquired by that state from HUBs.


    Individuals with Disabilities Education Act.  This federal law, reauthorized in 2004, is designed to ensure that all children with disabilities have available to them a free and appropriate public education that emphasizes special education and related services designed to meet their unique needs and prepare them for further education, employment and independent living.


    Intellectual Disability.  A significantly subaverage general intellectual functioning that adversely affects a child’s educational performance existing concurrently with deficits in adaptive behavior and manifested during the developmental period.  


    Independent Educational Evaluation.  An evaluation of a child for the purposes of determining a special education program that is performed by personnel outside of the school system. The IEE is sometimes called an "outside evaluation." The right of parents to have an IEE is outlined in the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, a federal law designed with students with disabilities in mind. An IEE can determine if a child has a learning disability or other disorder and the educational services most suitable to the student as a result.


    Individualized Education Program.  A written statement for a student with a disability that is developed, at least annually, by a team of professionals knowledgeable about the student and the parent.  The plan describes the strengths of the child and the concerns of the parents for enhancing the education of their child, and when, where, and how often services will be provided.  The IEP is required by federal law for all exceptional children and must include specific information about how the student will be served and what goals he or she should be meeting.


    The Institute of Higher Education.  A college or university offering education beyond grade 12.


    Instructional Improvement System.  Provides portals for students, teachers, parents, and school and district administrators to access data and resources to inform decision-making related to instruction, assessment and students’ career and college goals.


    Instructional Services Division.  Includes multiple departments: Accountability & Testing, Curriculum and Instruction, Exceptional Children, Federal Programs, Technology.  


    In-School Suspension.  In-school suspension (ISS) is an alternative setting that removes students from the classroom for a period of time, while still allowing students to attend school and complete their work.


    Lateral entry.  An "alternate" route to teaching for qualified individuals outside of the public education system. Lateral entry allows qualified individuals to obtain a teaching position and begin teaching right away, while obtaining a professional educator's license as they teach. The NC Dept of Public Instruction authorizes 3-year lateral entry professional educator's licenses on a provisional basis in licensure areas that correspond to the individual's academic study. 


    Local Education Agency.  Synonymous with a local school system or a local school district, indicating that a public board of education or other public authority maintains administrative control of the public schools in a city or county.


    Limited English Proficient.  Students whose first language is one other than English who need language assistance to participate fully in the regular curriculum and the statewide assessment system.


    Learning-Focused. A framework focused on learning. A planning template is also included to design instruction implementing exemplary practices throughout the learning process.  


    Leveled Literacy Intervention.  A small group supplementary program that helps teachers with instruction for their most struggling readers.


    Learning Management System.  A software application that is used to administer, document, track, report and deliver educational courses or training programs.


    Least Restrictive Environment.  The placement of a special needs student in a manner promoting the maximum possible interaction with the general school population. 


    Math Design Collaborative (MDC).  An effort between the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction (NCDPI) and the Southern Regional Education Board (SREB) to improve teaching and learning in mathematics to meet the state's college and career readiness standards. The goal of professional development is to advance students’ mathematical fluency and their abilities to understand, reason and apply math concepts to solving multi-step problems.


    Memorandum of Agreement (MOA).  A formal business document used to outline an agreement made between two separate entities, groups or individuals. A MOA usually precedes a more detailed contract or agreement between the parties. It is also known as a Memorandum of Understanding.


    Memorandum of Understanding (MOU).  An agreement between two or more parties outlined in a formal document. It is not legally binding but signals the willingness of the parties to move forward with a contract.


    Multi-Tiered System of Support.  Promotes school improvement through engaging, research-based academic and behavioral practices. MTSS employs a systems approach using data-driven problem-solving to maximize growth for all.  (RtI + PBIS = MTSS)


    Multiple Disabilities.  Two or more disabilities occurring together (such as intellectual disability and blindness, intellectual disability and orthopedic impairment, etc) the combination of which causes such severe educational needs that they cannot be accommodated in special education programs solely for one of the impairments.  Multiple disabilities does not include deaf-blindness.  


    National Assessment of Educational Progress.  Also known as the “Nation’s Report Card,” NAEP assesses the educational achievement of elementary and secondary students in various subject areas.  It provides data for comparing the performance of students in North Carolina to that of their peers nationwide.


    The North Carolina Checklist of Academic Standards.  An alternate assessment designed to measure grade-level competencies of students identified as limited English proficient and some students with disabilities.


    North Carolina Department of Public Instruction.  Administers the policies adopted by the State Board of Education and offers instructional, financial, technological and personnel support to all public school systems in the state.


    The North Carolina Educator Evaluation System.  A system used to evaluate the performance of all teachers, principals, assistant principals, instructional central office administrators and superintendents in order to promote effective leadership, quality teaching and student learning while enhancing professional practice that leads to improved instruction.


    North Carolina Essential Standards.  Standards adopted by North Carolina in subject areas other than English/Language Arts and Mathematics. They were written using Bloom’s Revised Taxonomy.


    North Carolina EXTEND1.  An alternate assessment designed to measure the performance of students with significant cognitive disabilities using alternate achievement standards.

    NC PreK

    North Carolina Prekindergarten Program. The NC Pre-K Program is administered by the NC Department of Health and Human Services under the Division of Child Development and Early Education, Early Education Branch. The NC Pre-K Program is designed to provide high-quality educational experiences to enhance school readiness for eligible four-year-old children.


    NCStar®.  Powered by Indistar® and was developed by the Academic Development Institutes (ADI) with the firm belief that district and school improvement is best accomplished when directed by people, working in teams, closest to the students. The web-based tool guides a district or school Leadership Team in charting its improvement and managing the continuous improvement process.


    Office of Civil Rights. The Office for Civil Rights is a sub-agency of the U.S. Department of Education that is primarily focused on enforcing civil rights laws prohibiting schools from engaging in discrimination on the basis of race, color, national origin, sex, disability, age, or membership in patriotic youth organizations.


    Oppositional Defiant Disorder.  A type of behavior disorder mostly diagnosed in childhood.  Children with ODD are uncooperative, defiant, and hostile toward peers, parents, teachers, and other authority figures. Characteristics also may include argumentative and vidictive behaviors.  


    Open Educational Resources.  Teaching, learning, and research resources that reside in the public domain or have been released under an intellectual property license that permits their free use and re-purposing by others.


    Other Health Impaired.  Having limited strength, vitality or alertness including a heightened alertness to environmental stimuli, that results in limited alertness with respect to the educational environment, that

      • Is due to chronic or acute health problems such as asthma, attention deficit disorder or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, diabetes, epilepsy, a heart condition, hemophilia, lead positing, leukemia, nephritis, rheumatic fever, sickle cell anemia, and Tourette’s Syndrome, etc.; and 
    • Adversely affects a child’s educational performance.  


    Orthopedic Impairment.  A severe physical impairment that adversely affects a child’s educational performance.  The term includes impairments caused by congenital anomaly, impairments caused by disease (e.g., poliomyelitis and bone tuberculosis) and impairments from other causes (e.g., cerebral palsy, amputations, and fractures or burns that cause contractures)


    Out-of-School Suspension. A disciplinary method in which, for a given period of time, the student being disciplined is not allowed to attend school or be on the school campus for any reason.


    Occupational Safety and Health Administration.  An agency of the United States Department of Labor. Congress established the agency under the Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSH Act). OSHA's mission is to "assure safe and healthy working conditions for working men and women by setting and enforcing standards and by providing training, outreach, education and assistance.”


    Positive Behavior Intervention and Support.  Programs that are a way to impact school learning environments by establishing and reinforcing clear behavioral expectations in order to support high student performance and to reduce behavioral problems.  PBIS site schools work to integrate their Safe Schools Plans, character education efforts and strategies, and discipline efforts in order to make the schools caring and safe communities for learning.


    Professional Development Plan.  Documents the goals, required skills and competency development that are reflected on the NC Educator Evaluation System. 


    Professional Development.  A term referring to skills and knowledge attained for both personal development and career advancement such as continuous courses, workshops, activities and learning objectives aimed at helping professional educators and staff members improve their skills in their fields.


    Professional Learning CommunitiesPLC’s are defined by collaborative inquiry, shared decision-making based on data and joint planning of instruction among teachers.  Teachers are provided structured time to work together in planning instruction, observing each other’s classrooms, and sharing feedback.


    Pre-Scholastic Assessment Test.  Normally taken by high school juniors as a practice test for the SAT.  Some schools use the PSAT as a diagnostic tool to identify areas where students may need additional assistance or placement in more rigorous courses.


    Parent Teacher Association/Parent Teacher Organization. A parent–teacher association or parent-teacher organization is a formal organization composed of parents, teachers, and staff that is intended to facilitate parental participation in a school.


    The READY initiative.  Implemented in public schools in the 2012-13 school year, focuses not only on student proficiency in foundational subjects but on ensuring students are career and college ready when they graduate high school. The initiative is characterized by a new Standard Course of Study, assessments and accountability model.


    Regional Education Service Alliance.  Regional alliances (sometimes called consortium) providing staff development, leadership development, technical assistance and help in spreading information related to state initiatives to member public school systems in each of the state’s nine geographic regions; Northeast, Southeast, Central Carolina, Sandhills, Piedmont-Triad, Southwest, Northwest, Western and Roanoke River Valley.


    Request for Proposal. A document in which the company requests details of detailed and comparable proposals from different suppliers for a defined product or service.


    Request for Quotation.  A competitive bid document used to invite suppliers to submit a bid on projects.


    SAT.  Test taken by high school juniors and seniors as a precursor to college/university admission.  It assesses a student’s verbal, mathematical and writing skills.


    State Board of Education.  Charged with supervision and administering “the free public school system and the educational funds provided for its support.”  The Board consists of the Lieutenant Governor, the Treasurer, and eleven members appointed by the Governor and confirmed by the General Assembly in Joint Session.

    SCOS or SCS

    (North Carolina) Standard Course of Study.  The guiding document outlining what should be taught in North Carolina public school classrooms.


    State Education Agency.  Federal term for each education department. SEA is another name for the NCDPI.


    Serious Emotional Disability.  A condition exhibiting one or more of the following characteristics over a long period of time and to a marked degree that adversely affects a child’s educational performance:

    • An inability to make educational progress that cannot be explained by intellectual, sensory or health factors.
    • An inability to build or maintain satisfactory interpersonal relationships with peers and teachers.  
    • Inappropriate types of behaviors or feelings under normal circumstances. 
    • A general pervasive mood of unhappiness or depression.
    • A tendency to develop physical symptoms or fears associated with personal or school problems.  

    Serious emotional disability includes schizophrenia. The terms do not apply to children who are socially maladjusted, unless it is determined that they have an emotional disturbance related to the five characteristics above.  


    Speech or Language Impairment.  A communication disorder, such as an impairment in fluency, articulation, language, or voice/resonance that adversely affects a child’s educational performance.  Language may include function of language (pragmatic), the content of the language (semantic), and the form of the language (phonological, morphologic and syntactic systems).  A speech or language impairment may result in a primary disability or it may be secondary to other disabilities. 


    The Sheltered Instruction Observation Protocol Model.  A research-based and validated instructional model that has proven effective in addressing the academic needs of English learners throughout the United States. The SIOP Model consists of eight interrelated components: Lesson Preparation, Building Background, Comprehensible Input, Strategies, Interaction, Practice/Application, Lesson Delivery, and Review & Assessment.


    School Improvement Grant.  The fourth cohort of SIG schools began in 2016.  Schools were eligible for this competitive grant if they performed in the lowest 5% of all Title I schools in the state as determined by Reading and Math proficiency.   Cohort 4 grants are 5-year  grants providing funds from Fall 2016 through September of 2021.  


    School Improvement Plan.  A plan that includes strategies for improving student performance, how and when improvements will be implemented, use of state funds, requests for waivers, etc.  Plans are in effect for no more than three years.


    Specific Learning Disability.  A disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or in using language, spoken or written, that may manifest itself in an imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell, or to do mathematical calculations.


    Special Education. Term used in the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) that is defined as a specially designed instruction to increase the student’s opportunities for success. 


    School Performance Grade.  School Performance Grades. School Performance Grades are awarded to schools as defined by G.S.§115C-83.15. A-F letter grades are calculated using achievement, growth, and performance measures.


    Standard Professional 1.  An educational license intended for teachers with 0-2 years of teaching experience, and are valid for three years. It is also called an Initial License


    Standard Professional 2.  An educational license intended for teachers with 3 or more years of teaching experience, and are valid for five years. Teachers who are fully licensed in another state who have three or more years of teaching experience AND who meet NC State Board of Education approved licensure exam requirements OR have National Board Certification are issued the SP2 license. It is also called a Continuing License


    Single sign-on.  Refers to users logging into several technology tools using one sign-on name and password.


    Science Research Associates Reading Laboratory.  Supports students who need additional instruction in phonics and phonemic awareness.  Strategies span throughout the elementary grades into middle/high school.  Students master decoding as they move through Reading Mastery to Corrective Reading with more support in comprehension while continuing with decoding.


    Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics.  Curriculum which emphasizes connections within and between the fields of mathematics and science; integrates technology; introduces and engages students in the engineering design process; cultivates creativity; and develops skills that drive innovation.


    Traumatic Brain Injury.  An acquired injury to the brain caused by an external physical force, resulting in total or partial functional disability for psychosocial impairment, or both, that adversely affects a child’s educational performance.  TBI applies to open or closed head injuries resulting in impairments in one or more areas, such as cognition; language; memory; attention; reasoning; abstract thinking; judgement; problem-solving; sensory;  perceptual; and motor abilities; psychosocial behavior; physical functions; information processing; and speech.  TBI does not apply to brain injuries that are congenital or degenerative, or to brain injuries caused by birth trauma.  


    Transportation Information Management System.  Computer system used by NC school districts for routing and scheduling school busses to ensure safe and efficient bus routes.


    Team-Initiated Problem Solving.  A model created out of the University of Oregon and UNC at Charlotte for using data for problem solving and decision making that includes a systematic team process across data sets.

    Title I

    Title I.  The largest federal education funding program for schools.  Its aim is to help students who are behind academically or at risk of falling behind. School funding is based on the number of low-income children, generally those eligible for the free and reduced price lunch program.  Title used to be known as Chapter I.

    Title II

    Title II.  Part A is intended to increase academic achievement by improving teacher and principal quality, this includes increasing the number of highly qualified teachers in classrooms,  improving the skills of principals and assistant principals in schools, and increasing the effectiveness of teachers and principals.  **Funds are used for professional development.

    Title III

    Title III.  The section of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act that provides funding for English language acquisition and accountability requirements for limited English proficient students.

    Title IV

    Title IV.  The Student Support and Academic Enrichment (SSAE) program, authorized under subpart 1 of Title IV, Part A of the ESSA, is intended to help increase the capacity of local educational agencies (LEAs), schools, and local communities to: 1) provide all students with access to a well-rounded education; 2) improve school conditions for student learning; and 3) improve the use of technology in order to improve the academic achievement and digital literacy of all students.

    Title IX

    Title IX.  In the Educational Amendments of 1972, it bans sex discrimination in schools receiving federal funds, whether it is in academics or athletics.

    TSI - AT

    Targeted Support and Improvement - Additional Target Support.  All schools regardless of Title I status are eligible for TSI-AT identification. Schools are identified as TSI-AT when: a. The school has one or more subgroup(s) where the subgroup performance grade score is below the highest identified CSI school’s All Students group during the identification year; and b. The school is on the TSI-CU list for the subgroup(s) for the previous year. Note: The 2018–19 one or more subgroup(s) lower than the highest CSI school’s performance. The next identification in 2021–22 will require both criteria to be met. ii. Schools can exit this status every three years. Schools exit this identification during the exit year when the subgroup(s) causing the school to be identified as TSI-AT meet one of the following: a. Obtain an index score of 1.0 or higher on a three-year subgroup growth score in the EVAAS system during the exit year for the identified subgroup(s); or b. Meet the measure of interim progress for the identified subgroup(s) during the exit year in reading and mathematics. 

    TSI - CU

    Target Support and Improvement - Consistently Underperforming.  All schools, except those already identified as CSI-LP, regardless of Title I status are eligible for the TSI-CU identification. Schools are identified as TSI-CU when one or more of the same subgroup receives a grade of “F” on the NC statewide system of annual meaningful differentiation (School Performance Grades) for the most recent and the previous two (2) years. ii. TSI-CU schools are identified annually. For the 2018-19 identification, using 2017-18 data, a ‘watch list’ is developed. Schools on the watch list are at risk for identification as TSI-CU in 2019-20. b. For the 2019-20 identification, 2017-18 and 2018-19 data is used to determine the TSI-CU schools. c. For the 2020-21 and beyond identifications, three years of data is used to determine the TSI-CU schools. iii. Schools exit this identification by receiving a letter grade of “D” or better for the identified subgroups in the most recent and previous year (two consecutive years) a. Schools are eligible to exit beginning in the 2020-21 school year, using 2018–19 and 2019–20 data. b. The exit criteria are applied annually thereafter.


    NC Teacher Working Conditions (Survey).  A biennial survey of all NC public schools’ licensed staff, the TWC survey provides educators with an opportunity to express their perceptions about working conditions at their schools.  Information gathered from the survey is shared with school staff, district administrators, parents and the community for school improvement planning purposes.


    UID.  A User Identification Number is the number assigned by Wilson County Schools by which information is accessed on the my.ncedcloud website.


    United States Education Department.  Provides federal assistance to state and local agencies primarily responsible for education and works to ensure both equal access (e.g., disadvantaged, disabled, at-risk students) and educational excellence.  The department engages in four major types of activities; establishes policies related to federal education funds, administers distribution of funds and monitors their use; collects data and oversees research on America’s schools; identifies major issues in education and focuses national attention on them; and enforces federal laws prohibiting discrimination in programs that receive federal funds (USED website).


    Visual Impairment.  An impairment in vision that, even with correction, adversely affects a child’s educational performance.  The term includes both partial sight and blindness.  VI is the result of a diagnosed ocular or cortical pathology.  


    VoIP (Voice over Internet Protocol). A technology that allows one to make voice calls using a broadband Internet connection instead of a regular (or analog) phone line. 


    WIDA-ACCESS Placement Test. It is an English language proficiency "screener" test given to incoming students who may be designated as English language learners. It assists educators with programmatic placement decisions such as identification and placement of ELLs. The W-APT is one component of WIDA's comprehensive assessment system. **The WIDA Consortium (formerly World-Class Instructional Design and Assessment) is an educational consortium of state departments of education.


    Wilson County Schools.  PreK-13 public school system serving over 10,000 students in 25 schools.  


    Zoiper.  A softphone (software program) used for making telephone calls over the Internet using a general purpose computer or smartphone rather than a dedicated device. To use Zoiper, one needs a VoIP account.